Global spread of Antibiotic resistance

By | November 6, 2021

The World Health Organization recognizes that the spread of antibiotic resistance is one of the greatest threats to global health, food security and development today. Although antibiotic resistance can increase naturally, overuse of these drugs is increasing the spread of antibiotic resistance worldwide.
As a result, some infections, such as gonorrhea, pneumonia, salmonellosis, and tuberculosis, become more difficult to treat. Patients face longer hospital stays, higher healthcare costs and higher mortality rates. Global governments, the private sector and NGOs need to work together to address strategies to address the growing threat of antibiotic resistance and to reduce the impact on human health and well-being.

Problems with antibiotic misuse

In 1929, Alexander Fleming received penicillin in my hospital. The discovery has led to a significant reduction in antibiotic deaths from infectious diseases.

In the first few years after the discovery of penicillin, scientists set out to make antibiotics widely available. At the end of World War II, the drug was used by Allied forces and became a strange drug. In the years that followed, patients around the world were in great demand for antibiotics, widely used in the treatment of various infectious diseases. The goal of making antibiotics readily available to everyone now meets the challenges facing scientists.

Since antibiotics are the preferred medicine for doctors treating various infections, their use has spread. These off-the-shelf medicines are currently one of the biggest threats to global health and the once-in-a-lifetime relief that causes this problem. Antibiotics are sometimes consider poor and are consider an excellent treatment. It is often insult or misunderstood, especially by patients. Unfortunately, the increase in global antibiotic resistance is the result of unnecessary or mismanagement of antibiotics.

Health workers and patients are responsible for the misuse of antibiotics.

Sometimes due to ignorance, sometimes due to negligence. Statistics show that about half of the recommend antibiotics are not need, and a large proportion of health workers are unable to limit their antibiotic prescriptions to the extent they really need them.

Antibiotics are prescribe more frequently for some infections than for others. Viral infections (not responding to antibiotics) are misdiagnosed as bacterial infections. This disorder accounts for 50-80% of poorly prescribe antibiotics. Tonsillitis is a common infectious disease for bacteria, not viruses. The most common infection is pharyngitis. Statistics show that in 80% of viral cases, antibiotics are misdiagnosed, not bacterial symptoms.

Some infections, such as gonorrhea, pneumonia, salmonellosis, and tuberculosis, are difficult to treat due to antibiotic resistance.

The same is true of all infectious diseases that offer simple antibiotic treatment when no measures are taken to fight antibiotics.

Antibiotic resistance

How to fight antibiotic resistance?

Misuse of antibiotics should be avoid to combat antibiotics. The general scenario of antibiotic use should be consider. For example, the most common scenario, when the symptoms are not relate to a bacterial infection or disease, is when they are prescribe for a fever or colonization if there is no infection. .

As mention above, antibiotics are often misdiagnose for viral infections. It is important that healthcare providers be aware of the consequences of the misuse of antibiotics responsible for prescribing antibiotics. In addition, healthcare providers need proper knowledge and reminders on how to properly prescribe antibiotics so that the wrong scenarios are not take into account in the above general scenarios.
Patient training is also important in combating antibiotic resistance. Patients often need antibiotics for conditions that cannot be treat with the common cold cause by the virus, sore throat, flu and the common cold.

Patients should be inform that antibiotics are beneficial, and health workers will not be pressure to prescribe antibiotics. Also, in some countries, more antibiotics are prescribe, a source of misinterpretation that can be resolve with the knowledge of patients and pharmacists.

In general, it is important to use appropriate antibiotics to prevent the spread of antibiotic resistance worldwide. Without the implementation of antibiotic prevention strategies, it will be difficult to treat more infectious diseases.

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